Life in Vietnam

Tuesday, 30/04/2024 15:31

Optimising UNESCO titles for national development

Hội An City was recognised by UNESCO as a World Cultural Heritage in 1999. VNA/VNS Photo Minh Đức

HÀ NỘI Owning many tangible and intangible UNESCO-recognised heritage sites, Việt Nam is striving to optimise the value of the UNESCO titles for stronger socioeconomic development.

With 65 UNESCO titles spanning all the 63 cities and provinces, Việt Nam contributes to enriching, protecting, and promoting the cultural treasures of humanity. This helps international friends better understand the country, its people, traditions, and history.

Việt Nam's UNESCO titles include world heritage sites, world biosphere reserves, world documentary heritage, global geoparks, and intangible cultural heritage, with world heritage title being the most prestigious and oldest.

Destinations with UNESCO titles have become popular tourist attractions, helping build a trademark for the hosting locality, contributing to expanding the livelihoods for the local communities, and promoting the sustainable growth of the country.

For example, in 2012, the Tràng An Landscape Complex received only 1 million visitors each year, but five years after being recognised by the UNESCO as a World Natural Culture Heritage Site, it drew 6.3 million visitors in 2019. 

Tràng An Landscape Complex - UNESCO-recognised World Natural Culture Heritage Site. VNA/VNS Photo Đức Phương

In 2019, World Cultural Heritage Sites of Việt Nam alone received 21.3 million visitors, including 10.6 million foreigners, with revenue from direct ticket selling reaching VNĐ3.12 trillion (123.17 million USD).

The optimising of cultural heritage resources also entails the development of many other factors such as infrastructure, services, the expansion of exchanges, and the increase of flows of goods and labour, creating inclusive and harmonious development.

With outstanding efforts in preserving and promoting the values of UNESCO titles, Việt Nam is considered as a model of harmony in preserving and promoting values of heritages in association with sustainable tourism development and expanding people’s livelihood.

Chairman of the People’s Committee of Ninh Bình Phạm Quang Ngọc said that the province has defined the system of cultural and natural heritages and UNESCO titles as a foundation for the locality’s sustainable development.

Ninh Bình chose an economic structure model suitable to the function of a "heritage city", capable of eliminating the classic industrialisation that damages cultural heritage and conflicts with environmental protection as well as signs of racing towards a model of concentrated urban population structure development that exceeds the capacity of a "heritage urban area”, he stated. 

A view of Hạ Long Bay. VNA/VNS Photo

In order to further promote the role of UNESCO titles for sustainable development and enhancing the national position in the world arena, experts held that Việt Nam should associate efforts to preserve and promote heritages with the overall socio-economic development policy. Việt Nam is currently one of the 11 countries selected by UNESCO to pilot the development of a set of cultural indicators associated with the implementation of sustainable development goals on 22 criteria.

At the local level, it is necessary to include the efforts in tourism development strategies and investment cooperation, they held.

Besides, experts also underlined the need to promote public-private partnerships in the work, along with stronger communications activities to promote UNESCO-recognised sites, especially via social networks and the application of digital technology. VNS

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